Essay On Diwali
|Essay on Diwali | Image : Pixabay|
Festivals are symbols of cultural and social consciousness. It is a symbol of national unity and integrity. For a society bored with the monotony of life, festivals are the pace of the year. They enrich the cycle of life by providing different types of entertainment, mirth and joy.
Diwali is the most important festival of light. ‘Tamso Ma Jyotirgamaya’ is a great festival. It is a festival to enlighten the mind. It is the day of worship of goddess Lakshmi, the ruler of wealth, wealth, good fortune and sattvaguna. It is a great festival of people’s happiness, joy and wish for prosperity. It is a festival commemorating inspiring events associated with the lives of many great and venerable men.
The new moon of Kartik is the auspicious day of Diwali. On the black night of Amavasya, Hindus light rows of lamps from house to house making it brighter than the full moon. This light not only brightens the atmosphere, but also gives the message to remove the darkness of the mind and enlighten it.
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Diwali is not a single day festival, it is a group of festivals which are celebrated with great gaiety from Kartik Krishna Trayodashi to Shukla Paksha Ki Duj. These festivals are Dhantrayodashi, Naraka Chaturdashi, Diwali, Govardhan Puja (Annakut) and Bhatrdvitiya (Bhaiyadooj).
Diwali must have been the festival of economic prosperity and joy of Aryans in ancient times. Agricultural produce was the measure of economic prosperity. The coming home of the harvest would have been considered a golden filling. To welcome Lakshmi in the form of ‘Anna-Dhan’, who came home after a year’s hard work, the house-courtyard must have been cleaned with leaps and bounds and the rubbish of lack was thrown to one side of the trees. New cotton wicks, new sesame oil lamps would have been kept in every house and the new year would have been welcomed. That is why the tradition of cleaning the house, lighting the lamp a month before Diwali is a legacy of ancient times.
Lakshmi was also one of the fourteen gems obtained from Samudra Manthan. The outbreak of this Lakshmi Ratna took place on the new moon of Kartik. From that day, the new moon of Kartik became the festival of Lakshmi Pujan. On this occasion, Ganesh Pujan along with Lakshmi ji is also prescribed.
Lakshmiji is the presiding goddess of wealth and Ganeshji is the destroyer and god of welfare. Coordinated worship of Lakshmi-Ganesh means auspicious accumulation of wealth and its religious consumption. Otherwise, wealth will become the cause of sin and the presence of obstacles in life.
The basic mantra of agricultural culture is labour. The worship of Lakshmi based on religion is done through labour. Ganapati makes this work auspicious. So Ganapati is worshipped along with Lakshmi. There is also a legend that when Shri Ram Lankeshwar, the ideal man of Indian culture, returned to Ayodhya with Bhagwati Sita after defeating Ravana, the people of Ayodhya decorated their houses and lit lamps at night to welcome them. The occasion of Shri Ram’s return to Ayodhya is associated with ‘Deepawali’. (But this is just a rumour, not a fact)
The auspicious day of Diwali is also associated with the life events of many other great men. Maharaja Yudhishthira’s Rajasuya Yagya was completed on this day. King Vikramaditya was sitting on the throne today. It is also the day of ascension of Mahavira Swami, the last Tirthankar of Jainism. Hargobind, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs, was released from imprisonment on this day.
Even though these events took place on Kartik Amavasya, the festival of ‘Deepawali’ has been celebrated by the society for thousands of years. So they have no direct connection with this festival.
Diwali also has scientific significance. The rainy season ends before Diwali, but the houses are infested with mosquitoes, bedbugs, fleas and other poisonous germs. Malaria and typhoid have flourishing days. Second, the filthiness of the house is at its peak. Therefore, a month before Diwali, rich and poor, everyone cleans, decorates and decorates their houses according to their financial status. This removes the dirt from the house. Bleach made with a mixture of blue powder kills mosquitoes. Burning mustard oil lamps destroys disease germs. Mustard oil smoke (kajal) is very beneficial for the eyes.
On the day of Diwali, houses, shops, mandis and markets are decorated. The deepest part of the new moon is destroyed by the light of small lamps lit at night. Dazzle everywhere with electric light. This beauty is multiplied by the shimmering battles of the garlands, emerald leaves, the colourful waves of the paper and the artistic flags.
The round of fireworks from the first hour of the night to the second half of the night, the gaiety of this festival manifests excitement and supreme joy. Different types of colourful attractive flashes from fireworks make the heart flutter.
Diwali is the day of shopping spree. Shops selling clay toys and lamps, candles, photo-calendars, Diwali greetings and accessories for worship, sweets, dry fruits and flowers, flowers, garlands, fireworks, etc. are crowded.
Diwali is the festival of extending family wishes. Greeting and sending gifts to relatives and friends on this day is a symbolic and cultured form of extending good wishes.
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