Paragraph on Population Explosion in India

Paragraph on Population Explosion in India

World Population Day is observed every year on July 11 all over the world. The world’s population reached five billion on July 11, 1987. The day is observed to make people aware of global population issues such as the importance of gender equality, family planning, poverty, maternal health and human rights. India is facing a grim problem due to the population explosion. The paragraph on “Population Explosion in India” has been written on the occasion of World Population Day to raise awareness among the readers of population issues.

Population Explosion in India

Paragraph on Population Explosion in India, essay on Population Explosion in India
Paragraph on Population Explosion in India

Population explosion is a global problem. But it has reached an alarming situation in India. India is the most populous country after China. Population growth rate of India is quite high. The average growth rate of India’s population is about 1.1 per cent (source : wikipedia). In 1947 India had a population of about 35 crore. After 70 years of Independence – it has reached the alarming mark of more than 130 crore.

Population explosion in general is an undesirable condition. Small geographical areas of a country cannot support the relationship between population and its environment. Such a huge population instead of becoming a national asset has become a national liability. More children do not mean more workers for the future. But more people mean more mouths to feed. Such overpopulation has resulted from an increase in birth rate, mortality rate and immigration. The poor people are unconscious of the dangers of population explosion. They have a tendency to give birth to more children. They feel that more children would help them to have more earning members in the family. But unfortunately the situation worsens out of such thoughts. They care little about how to bring up their children properly. Their education is neglected. They inevitably suffer from malnutrition. Though the government has taken plans and strategies for economic development, the growth of population has upset all plans.

  India at present has one-fifth of the world’s population. It is expected that India will surpass China to become the world’s most populous country by 2024. India will become the first country to be home to more than 1.5 billion people by 2030 and its population will be reaching 1.7 billion by 2050. This means that the economic, industrial and agricultural progress made by the country is set off by the population explosion. More food, more clothing, more housing, more medicine and hospital facilities, more educational institutions are needed every year. It is clear that the country is failing to meet the ever-increasing demand on its resources. There is another grim aspect to this problem. To meet the needs of the people more industries are needed which also means more pollution. Providing food for the growing population, forest areas are deforested for agricultural purposes, as agricultural lands are being converted to residential areas for housing. In fact, there may come a time when the country will be incapable of supporting this enormously large population. 

Ever since the five billion baby was born, July 11, (1987) has been observed as the World Population Day. On the occasion of World Environment Day, every citizen of India should be conscious to control the population outburst. Family planning should be accepted by every section of society. Illiteracy should be driven away from the country. The first priority must be given to the urgent task of checking the population growth as soon as possible, otherwise India’s economic growth will not be able to cope with the population explosion.

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