Paragraph on Black Fungus or Mucormycosis
|Black fungus, or mucormycosis, is a complication caused by a fungal infection.|
Mucormycosis or “black fungus” is a rare fungal disease. It is caused by exposure to mucor mould which is usually found in soil, plants, manure, and decaying fruits and vegetables. It affects the sinuses, the brain and therefore the lungs. It is often life-threatening in diabetic or severely immunocompromised individuals, like cancer patients or people with HIV/AIDS. Doctors believe that the use of steroids
to treat severe COVID-19 could be the cause of black fungus infection. Steroids reduce inflammation in the lungs for Covid-19 patients. But they also reduce immunity and push up blood sugar levels in both diabetics and non-diabetic Covid-19 patients. It’s thought that this drop by immunity might be triggering these cases of mucormycosis. Doctors believe mucormycosis, which has an overall death rate of fifty.
Primarily, fungal spores floating within the environment give people this infection. The fungus enters the skin through a cut, burn, or other sorts of skin trauma and may cause local infection. But if it goes in through the sinus, it can affect the eyes and brain, resulting in a fatal situation.
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Patients affected by mycosis typically have symptoms of stuffy and bleeding nose, blackening or discolouration over the nose, blurred or double vision, chest pain, breathing difficulties and coughing blood, swelling of and pain within the eye; drooping of eyelids etc.
After infecting a person, the fungus doesn’t remain static. It spreads through the nose, attacks the eyes, and eventually reaches the brain and it becomes potentially deadly. This necessitates multi-discipline expertise to treat it. In some cases, patients have lost their vision in both eyes. And in rare cases, doctors need to surgically remove the jaw bone so as to prevent the disease from spreading.
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